Under Sec. 8 of Republic Act No. 8552 or Domestic Adoption Act:
(a) Any person below eighteen (18) years of age who has been administratively or judicially declared available for adoption;
(b) The legitimate son/daughter of one spouse by the other spouse;
(c) An illegitimate son/daughter by a qualified adopter to improve his/her status to that of legitimacy;
(d) A person of legal age if, prior to the adoption, said person has been consistently considered and treated by the adopter(s) as his/her own child since minority;
(e) A child whose adoption has been previously rescinded; or
(f) A child whose biological or adoptive parent(s) has died: Provided, That no proceedings shall be initiated within six (6) months from the time of death of said parent(s).
Under Sec. 8 of Republic Act No. 8043 or Inter-Country Adoption Act:
Only a legally free child may be the subject of inter-country adoption.
However, in order that such child may be considered for placement, the following documents must be submitted to the Board:
(b)Birth certificate/foundling certificate;
(c)Deed of voluntary commitment/decree of abandonment/death certificate of parents
(d)Medical evaluation /history;
(e)Psychological evaluation, as necessary; and
(f)Recent photo of the child.